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Native American

Patwin Living in the Sacramento Valley

  The term ‘Patwin’ is used by Stephen Powers, a Smithsonian ethnographer, to identify Indians living in the southern portion of the Sacramento Valley.

Sutter’s Fort

Sutter's Fort
John Augustus Sutter receives a land grant from the Mexican government along the Sacramento River.

Christianity and Chief Solano

The arrival and spread of Christianity in the region creates tensions between Native American groups.

Hudson’s Bay Company Fur Trappers

Hudson Bay trappers
The first Hudson’s Bay Company brigade enters the Sacramento Valley when Alexander Roderick McLeod leads a party of French Canadians south from Fort Vancouver.

Alta California

Spanish explorers
Imperial Spain creates “Alta California” as part of its Mexican holdings.  The Spanish crown grants land to Catholic missions.